This module provides an introduction to thermodynamic considerations of reacting chemical systems. The laws of thermodynamics are presented, and the concept of chemical equilibrium discussed. The second part of the module is concerned with the kinetics of a reacting system i.e. the rate at which a reacting system proceeds and reaches equilibrium (as determined by thermodynamics). The module also contains a third component, relating to optical spectroscopy. An introduction to light spectroscopy is provided (electromagnetic spectrum; nature of light; energy relationships; energy levels and quantum states; transitions), before discussing the principles and concepts of physical spectroscopy. Mathematics underpins the whole module, and topics such as exponentials, logarithms, graphs, calculus and vectors are embedded within the chemistry content.

Learning Outcomes

By the end of the module students should be able to:

Demonstrate an understanding of the general principles and concepts associated with kinetics, thermodynamics and optical spectroscopy;

Be apply to assign ground terms, and assign microstates to terms;

Demonstrate an understanding of the specific principles and concepts underlying Rotational, Vibrational and Electronic Spectroscopy;

Demonstrate an understanding of the principles of thermodynamics and kinetics, and be able to perform calculations involving thermodynamic and kinetic data;

Perform quantitative measurements associated with chemical reactions/processes and treat the associated data in an appropriate manner.

Apply a number of fundamental mathematical skills and techniques to the solution of problems;

Apply a number of fundamental mathematical skills and techniques to the solution of chemical problems, or to the solution of problems relevant to chemistry;

Extend their working knowledge of selected mathematical techniques through Chemistry based modules;

Apply their focused mathematical skills with confidence.