This module will be an analysis of Human Resource Management (HRM) practices and policies in contemporary organisations, including sourcing and selecting candidates for work; training, motivating, and rewarding them; and allowing them an opportunity to be involved in the decision-making processes of the firm. This module will discuss the emergence of HRM in the US and UK as a response to the competitive pressures facing “western” firms in the 1980s. The concept remains ambiguous, i.e., what HRM encompasses remains open to discussion. Notwithstanding this, the module will critically evaluate several of the people management policies most commonly associated with HRM. It will also deal with a more recent strand of the scholarly debate that questions the actual way in which HRM works to enhance the competitive advantage of the firm as its advocates claim.